Green fuel from biomass – Renewable gas measurement

ASaP offers a comprehensive range of analytical systems for green fuel from biomass, and other (liquified) renewable gasses. These systems are not just instruments; they represent a leap towards a future powered by a hybrid energy mix, where biomass, biogas, and liquified renewable gasses like bio-LNG, bio-LCO2 and LH2 pave the way for a greener planet. ASaP’s innovative solutions cater to the demands of the EU’s clean energy legislation, embodying the spirit of the European Union’s Renewable Energy Directive (RED) and the ambitious ‘Fit for 55’ package.

Bio-LNG and bio-LCO2 measurement, sampling, and analysis system 1 - Green fuel & biomass - Renewable energy measurement solutions

Introduction renewable energy and green fuels

The gas industry is on the cusp of a transformative era, driven by the global push toward decarbonization and sustainable energy sources. This article explores green fuel from biomass, low-carbon renewable gas measurement solutions, and carbon credits in achieving these goals, particularly within the framework of the European Union’s Renewable Energy Directive (RED) and the ‘Fit for 55’ initiative.

Renewable energy low-carbon green fuel and biomass vector icons overview illustration
From raw biomass to bio-LNG including the production of food grade CO2, ASaP offers a complete range of measurement solutions.

The ‘Fit for 55’ package by the EU Renewable Energy Directive (RED)

The EU has strict and ambitious legislation on clean energy and can be seen as the global forerunner in these goals. The EU Renewable Energy Directive (RED) is the legal framework for the development of clean energy across all sectors of the EU economy, supporting cooperation between EU countries towards this goal. The RED III of 2023 establishes a policy for the production and promotion of energy from renewable sources to achieve decarbonization.

The ‘Fit for 55’ package was tabled in July 2021 to respond to the requirements in the EU Climate Law to reduce Europe’s net greenhouse gas emissions by at least 55% by 2030. One of the packages accommodates bio-LNG.

Renewable gas measurement challenges

The sampling and analysis of green fuels present significant challenges. Accurate data is crucial for efficiency, compliance, carbon credits, and advancement in this sector. These challenges include variability in fuel composition, stringent environmental regulations, and the need for precise calibration of instruments. Corrosive compounds, such as H2S, are also present in biogas, which requires it to be purified for use as fuel or to be transported. All the metallic elements in digestion tanks, agitators, piping, or transport pipes are subjected to corrosion. Addressing these issues is important for optimizing energy production, ensuring regulatory compliance, and ultimately increasing the longevity of the instruments and sampling systems.

Carbon credits credibility and transparency

The main challenge of carbon credits is ensuring their credibility and transparency. This involves verifying that the carbon reductions claimed are real, additional (beyond what would have occurred without the credit), and permanent. Additionally, there is the challenge of preventing double counting and ensuring that the carbon credits lead to actual emissions reductions rather than simply shifting emissions elsewhere, a concern known as “leakage”. These complexities require robust regulatory frameworks and rigorous monitoring and reporting systems to maintain the integrity and effectiveness of carbon credit markets.

Biogas pipes and valves. Corrotion is one of the challenges in low-carbon renewable gas measurement for green fuel.
Pipes of a biogas plant

Key challenges in renewable gas sampling and measurement in green fuel applications

Variability in fuel composition: Green fuels, such as biogas and bio-LNG, can have highly variable compositions, which complicates their measurement and analysis.

Corrosion: Corrosive compounds, such as H2S, are also present in biogas. Metal parts are subjected to corrosion.

Carbon credits: Ensuring their credibility and transparency of carbon credits.

Sensitivity to environmental conditions: Instruments must be robust and adaptable to various environmental conditions without compromising on precision.

Integration with existing systems: Integrating new measurement technologies into existing energy infrastructure and systems.

Scalability and cost: Developing scalable solutions that are cost-effective for widespread adoption in the green fuel sector.

Complete analytical package that reduces cost per measuring point for renewable gas analysis

ASaP developed a complete analytical package for low-carbon renewable gasses that utilizes proven technology and minimizes the number of devices needed. By measuring multiple locations with a few instruments, the initial cost per measurement point is significantly reduced.

Compositional and trace analysis for green fuels

It is possible to combine the compositional and trace analysis in one single biomass to green fuel system for the following steps:

H2S removal: Treatment the biogas to eliminate hydrogen sulfide, a toxic and corrosive component.

H2O removal: Elimination of water vapor, preventing corrosion and pipeline freezing during transport and storage.

CH4 separation: Membrane separation, pressure swing adsorption, or cryogenic distillation is applied to separate methane.

CH4 purification: Water scrubbing, amine absorption, or membrane technology is used, to meet the quality standards required for commercial use or grid injection.

CH4 liquification: Compression the purified methane gas to a liquid state, significantly reducing its volume for efficient storage and transport.

Not so low-carbon – Food grade liquid CO2 in accordance with ISBT and EIGA

A second common analytical system can be used to measure for the production of food grade liquid CO₂:

CO2 purification: Removing impurities and contaminants from carbon dioxide gas to achieve high purity levels suitable for industrial use or sequestration.

CO2 liquification: Compression and cooling of purified carbon dioxide gas to convert it into a liquid form, facilitating easier storage and transportation.

Food grade liquid CO2 in Cola in accordance with ISBT and EIGA for renewable gas measurement
Food grade liquid CO2 for cola and other fizzy drinks.

The process from biomass to renewable gasses

To produce bio-LNG and food grade CO₂, biomass is used as feedstock and renewable and sustainable energy. Bio-LNG is sometimes called Liquefied Biomethane (LBM) or Liquefied Biogas (LBG) and is currently the only carbon neutral fossil fuel available.

In 6 steps from biomass to bio-LNG and bio-CO2

Step 1. Anaerobic digestion

Bio-LNG and bio-LCO2 measurement, sampling, and analysis system 1 - Green fuel & biomass - Renewable energy measurement solutions
Qmicro DynamiQ-X gas chromatograph for green fuel and renewable natural gas measurement
OMA-300 wall-mounted process H2S Analyzer - Measure Hydrogen Sulfide with Applied Analytics

Biodigesters, landfill gas recovery systems, or wastewater treatment plants digest organic matter (biomass) in an oxygen-free environment to produce raw biogas.

Step 2. Pretreatment of the biogas

Bio-LNG and bio-LCO2 measurement, sampling, and analysis system 1 - Green fuel & biomass - Renewable energy measurement solutions
Qmicro DynamiQ-X gas chromatograph for green fuel and renewable natural gas measurement
Vympel FAS-W WDP analyzer used for dew point calculations

In the pretreatment phase, raw biogas undergoes cooling and purification from contaminants like hydrogen sulfide (H₂S) and volatile organic compounds using activated carbon beds.

Step 3. Separation of methane and CO₂

Bio-LNG and bio-LCO2 measurement, sampling, and analysis system 1 - Green fuel & biomass - Renewable energy measurement solutions
Qmicro DynamiQ-X gas chromatograph for green fuel and renewable natural gas measurement
ABB NGC8206 Process gas chromatograph analyzer (PGC)

Biogas upgrading. The separation of methane (CH₄) and carbon dioxide (CO₂) is based on the membrane process, where CO₂ diffuses through the membrane surface more rapidly than CH₄ when under pressure.

 Isometric steps explaination of biomass and raw biogas to bio-LNG and bio-LCO2 process plant to produce green fuel and low-carbon renewable gas

Step 4. Fine cleaning and liquefaction

Bio-LNG and bio-LCO2 measurement, sampling, and analysis system 1 - Green fuel & biomass - Renewable energy measurement solutions
Qmicro DynamiQ-X gas chromatograph for green fuel and renewable natural gas measurement
ABB NGC8206 Process gas chromatograph analyzer (PGC)
MCM MicroView Mini Online Hygrometer Process Moisture Analyzer

Precise purification enables the attainment of the necessary biomethane specifications for liquefaction. A molecular sieve absorbs the residual H₂O and CO₂ prior to the compression of the biomethane.

Step 5. Liquefaction of carbon dioxide

Bio-LNG and bio-LCO2 measurement, sampling, and analysis system 1 - Green fuel & biomass - Renewable energy measurement solutions
Qmicro DynamiQ-X gas chromatograph for green fuel and renewable natural gas measurement
ABB NGC8206 Process gas chromatograph analyzer (PGC)
Cryogenic vaporizer and probe - Micro Phazer Cryogenic Probe-Vaporizer Model 2.0 micro

Liquefaction of carbon dioxide from the waste gas stream of the biogas upgrading process. The CO₂-containing waste gas stream from biogas upgrading can be cleaned, dried and liquefied in a further process step.

Step 6. Storage and tank loading system

Bio-LNG and bio-LCO2 measurement, sampling, and analysis system 1 - Green fuel & biomass - Renewable energy measurement solutions
Krohne SUMMIT 8800 flow computer for Custody Transfer Measurement Systems CTMS
ABB NGC8206 Process gas chromatograph analyzer (PGC)
Cryogenic vaporizer and probe - Micro Phazer Cryogenic Probe-Vaporizer Model 2.0 micro

Bio-LNG, chilled to approximately -150°C, and bio-LCO₂ are temporarily stored in a double-walled, vacuum-insulated tank until it will be loaded.

Choosing the right technology for green fuel and renewable gas Applications

Sample handling technologies and analyzer measuring principles are pivotal for precise monitoring and optimization of fuel quality and environmental compliance. Key to these technologies is the ability to accurately quantify the composition of various gases, such as methane, carbon dioxide, and hydrogen sulfide, which are prevalent in bio-LNG, biomethane, and other renewable sources.

Gas analyzers for green fuel and low-carbon renewable gas

Compliance with green fuel and low-carbon renewable gas

Selecting the right gas analyzer for green fuel and low-carbon renewable gas applications involves several critical factors. The measurement principle should align with your specific gas components and potential pollutants, ensuring comprehensive analysis. Speed and accuracy are paramount, as they directly impact operational efficiency and data reliability. Consider the resistance of the analyzer to corrosion, especially in harsh environmental conditions common in renewable gas sites with biomass.

Qmicro DynamiQ-X gas chromatograph for green fuel and low-carbon renewable gas measurement

ASaP gas analyzers features

High precision and accuracy: Ensures reliable measurement of gas compositions and concentrations.

Durability: Built to withstand harsh environmental conditions typical in renewable gas sites with biomass.

Ease of maintenance: Designed for straightforward upkeep, minimizing downtime.

Compliance: Meets international standards and regulations for green fuel and low-carbon renewable gas applications.

Versatility: Capable of analyzing a wide range of gas components and pollutants.

ASaP gas analyzers models for green fuel and low-carbon renewable gas

Qmicro DynamiQ-X

Qmicro DynamiQ-X gas chromatograph for green fuel and renewable natural gas measurement

This GC is designed for continuous gas mixture monitoring in green fuel and low-carbon applications.

ABB NGC8206

ABB NGC8206 Process gas chromatograph analyzer (PGC)

This GC performs on-site gas analysis and heating value computation where current GC technology has been unaffordable.

Other makes and models

Process gas chromatograph analyzers PGCs ABB NGC8206 Yokogawa GC8000 Honeywell EnCal 3000 Emerson Rosemount 370xa Process gas chromatograph analyzers PGCs

Our specialists support multiple makes and models. Amongst others: ABB, Applied Analytics, JP3, Yokogawa, Honeywell, and Emerson. Rosemount.

Sample probes for green fuel and low-carbon renewable gas

Efficiency is key in green fuel and low-carbon renewable gas

Choosing the right sample probe for green fuel and low-carbon renewable gas applications requires careful consideration of potential challenges. Contaminants such as dust, pipe scale, and entrained liquid drops can significantly interfere with the fluid sample’s integrity. It’s crucial to ensure that the probe design and positioning accurately represent the sample flow, avoiding unrepresentative sampling that could skew results.

Cryogenic vaporizer and probe - Micro Phazer Cryogenic Probe-Vaporizer Model 2.0 micro - Green fuel & biomass - Low-carbon renewable gas measurement

ASaP sample probes features

Patented Active Sub-Cooling technology: Ensures prevention of partial and pre-vaporization of LNG, maintaining sample integrity under all operating conditions.

Optimal analytical performance: Designed for high precision and reliability, critical for accurate bio-LNG production and analysis.

Rugged construction: Built to withstand harsh environmental conditions, making it suitable for a wide range of industrial applications.

Easy integration: Compatible with existing LNG analysis systems, allowing for seamless implementation into various setups.

Low maintenance: Engineered for durability and reliability, reducing the need for frequent maintenance and service interventions.

ASaP sample probe models for green fuel and low-carbon renewable gas

MicroPhazer Probe-Vaporizer Model 2.0

Cryogenic vaporizer and probe - Micro Phazer Cryogenic Probe-Vaporizer Model 2.0 micro

This probe is especially designed for small scale LNG applications like Bio-LNG, and other LNG applications.

MicroPhazer Probe-Vaporizer Model 2.1

Cryogenic vaporizer and probe - Micro Phazer Cryogenic Probe-Vaporizer Model 2.1 micro with shut-off valve

Designed like his brother this MicroPhazer Probe-Vaporizer includes a shut-off valve.

LCO2 Phazer Probe-Vaporizer Model 6.0

Cryogenic vaporizer and probe - Micro Phazer Cryogenic Probe-Vaporizer Model 2.0 micro

This probe is designed for liquid CO2 in biogas and other and other liquid CO2 applications.

Engineering sampling systems for green fuel and low-carbon renewable gas

Enhance the green fuel and low-carbon renewable gas system effectiveness and safety.

When engineering a sampling system for green fuel and low-carbon renewable gas applications, it’s crucial to consider several key factors to ensure reliable and efficient operation. Poorly designed sample conditioning can lead to unreliable results, compromising the integrity of the analysis. Understanding the compatibility between the process and the gas analyzer is vital to avoid inefficiencies and ensure accurate measurements.

Bio-LNG and bio-LCO2 measurement, sampling, and analysis system 1 - Green fuel & biomass - Low-carbon renewable gas measurement

ASaP sampling systems features

Compact design: Optimized for minimal space requirements, allowing for easy integration into existing setups and field applications.

Low sample volume requirement: Engineered to require minimal sample volumes, reducing waste and preserving precious resources.

Hazardous sample handling: Equipped with safety features for handling flammable or toxic samples, ensuring operator safety and environmental protection.

Corrosion resistance: Constructed with materials resistant to corrosive gases, ensuring longevity and reliability in harsh environmental conditions.

Low maintenance: Engineered for durability and reliability, reducing the need for frequent maintenance and service interventions.

ASaP sampling system models for green fuel and low-carbon renewable gas

Standard bio-LNG sampling system

Bio-LNG analysis and sampling system

At the core of ASaP’s offerings are the bio-LNG and CO₂ measurement systems, designed with modularity to cater to various application requirements

Bio-LNG and bio-LCO2 sampling system

Bio-LNG and bio-LCO2 measurement, sampling, and analysis system 1 - Green fuel & biomass - Renewable energy measurement solutions

These systems integrate seamlessly with Ruhe Biogas’s operations, ensuring efficient and accurate gas analysis.

LNG sampling systems for custody transfer

3 ASaP LNG Samplers in different configurations of natural gas analyzers

Our LNG Samplers are available as intermittent (composite) or continuous sampling systems and integrate seamlessly with all brands of LNG probe-vaporizers.

AIM preventive maintenance software for green fuel and low-carbon renewable gas

AIM features

Choosing the AIM preventive maintenance software for gas analyzers in green fuel and low-carbon renewable gas applications ensures operational excellence. Key factors include its ability to predict maintenance needs, thus avoiding unexpected downtimes, and its efficiency in monitoring system performance to ensure consistent and accurate data. The reporting module of AIM enables automatic generation of quality certificates and bill of ladings for the bio-LNG according to EN 16723-2 and LCO2 in accordance with ISBT and EIGA requirements.

Rugged tablet with AIM predictive maintenance software analyzer data acquisition system - Green fuel & biomass - Low-carbon renewable gas measurement

AIM features

Real-time monitoring: Enables continuous observation of system performance, ensuring immediate detection of anomalies.

Predictive maintenance alerts: Utilizes advanced algorithms to predict potential issues before they lead to system failures.

User-friendly interface: Designed for ease of use, allowing both technical and non-technical staff to efficiently manage and monitor systems.

Comprehensive reporting: Generates detailed reports on system health, performance metrics, and maintenance activities, aiding in informed decision-making.

Bill of lading: Including bio-LNG according to EN 16723-2 and LCO2 in accordance with ISBT and EIGA requirements.

Remote access capability: Offers the ability to monitor and manage systems from any location, enhancing flexibility and response times.

Summarizing gas measurement solutions for biomass and green fuel applications

ASaP’s advanced gas analyzers, sample probes, sampling systems, and AIM preventive maintenance software stand at the forefront of ensuring efficiency, compliance, durability, and reliability. Our total solution approach addresses the complexities of green fuel and low-carbon renewable gas applications, underlining the necessity of our expertise. Additionally, ASaP provides consultancy on carbon credits. We guide you through the selection and implementation of advanced analytical technologies that track and report greenhouse gas emissions, thereby supporting the integrity and validation of your carbon credit claims

Bio-LNG and bio-LCO2 measurement, sampling, and analysis system 2 - Green fuel & biomass - Low-carbon renewable gas measurement

Black Box Measurement Solution (BBMS)

From raw biomass to bio-LNG including the production of food grade CO2, ASaP offers a complete range of measurement solutions; from a single analyzer to a complete Black Box Measurement Solution (BBMS). ASaP specialists are committed to supporting your projects, guiding you towards achieving your green energy goals. For tailored advice and solutions, our team is just a contact form or phone call away.

renewable gas measurement project customer reference

ASaP review stars

“At the request of ASaP this letter may serve as reference.

It is the most advanced design which is currently commercially available on the market. It is the only LNG vaporizer and sampling system which takes care for a subcooling of the sample before vaporization. The flange connection avoids any unnecessary heat leak on the sample transfer to the LNG vaporizer system. Due to the flexible design on the orifice and heater system, the flow can be easily adjusted to the process requirements as well as to the required flow rate to overcome the natural heat input to the sample.

There are no moving parts, and it is flexible in configuration. Installation work on site is expected to be kept to a minimum. Operational and maintenance costs are predicted to be minimal. The ASaP solution appears to be the perfect match with regards to technical requirements, flexibility and planning.

A return on investment of 1 to 2 weeks is predicted.

The functionality of the system was tested, and the outcome is above expectation. Even without proper insulation on the transfer part, the contact temperature on the bottom part (close to the hot section) was found to be below -150°).”

– Quote from the Factory Acceptance Test (FAT)

Recent renewable gas projects

Mobile LNG sampling system for fuel quality analysis

Last week marked the successful completion of a Factory Acceptance Test (FAT) for our advanced Mobile LNG sampling system for fuel quality analysis, developed in collaboration with ERT Refrigeration Technology GmbH and DVGW Research Center at Engler-Bunte-Institut of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology.

Factory Acceptance Test FAT for advanced Mobile LNG sampling system for fuel quality analysis

Bio-LNG and Bio-LCO₂: ASaP’s Total Solution for Ruhe Biogas

In the world of renewable energy, Bio-LNG stands out as a key player, offering a sustainable alternative to traditional fuels. ASaP’s recent collaboration with Ruhe Biogas marks a significant milestone in this domain, as they come together to deliver comprehensive solutions in bio-LNG and Bio-LCO₂ sampling and measurement. This partnership underscores a shared commitment to advancing renewable gas technologies and highlights the critical role of bio-LNG in the transition towards cleaner energy sources.

Bio-LNG analysis and sampling system

ASaP’s technologies fuel Ruhe Bio-LNG Plant in Germany

ASaP has made a significant contribution to the Ruhe Group’s latest venture in the bio-LNG sector by delivering a state-of-the-art MicroPhazer. This unique ASaP product combines an LNG probe and vaporizer with patented active sub-cooling technology, ensuring the prevention of partial and pre-vaporization of LNG under all conditions. This guarantees optimal analytical performance, essential for the precision required in bio-LNG production. Alongside this, we’ve provided an analytical system equipped with natural gas chromatographs for measuring the composition of vaporized LNG samples. Furthermore, our delivery includes AIM (Analytical Information Module), a preventive maintenance operation system that continuously monitors the performance of the entire LNG custody transfer system, including gas chromatographs and detectors.

Drone photo of the bio-LNG plant in Parmen. ASaP's technologies fuel Ruhe Bio-LNG Plant in Germany

Frequently asked questions about renewable gasses and green fuel

What are green fuels?

Green fuels, also known as biofuels or renewable fuels, are energy sources derived from biological materials, such as plant biomass, agricultural waste, and algae. Unlike fossil fuels, green fuels are considered sustainable as they can be replenished.

Is biomass renewable?

Yes, biomass is considered a renewable resource as it is derived from organic materials that can be replenished.

Is gas a renewable resource?

Certain types of gas, like biogas and hydrogen produced from renewable sources, are considered renewable.

What is the significance of gas analyzers in low-carbon renewable gas production?

Gas analyzers play a crucial role in monitoring and optimizing the production of green fuels, ensuring the quality and efficiency of biofuels, and measuring emissions to comply with environmental regulations.

How does ASaP support the green fuel and renewable energy sector?

ASaP provides advanced analytical solutions, including gas analyzers, sample probes, and sampling systems, tailored for the green fuel and renewable energy sector. These technologies help ensure product quality, process efficiency, and regulatory compliance, contributing to the sustainability and viability of renewable energy projects.

Contact Our renewable gasses specialist

For personalized assistance and further inquiries about our green fuel and low-carbon renewable gas measurement solutions, please contact our specialist at ASaP. We are here to help you navigate the complexities of sustainable energy transition and provide the support you need for successful implementation.

Contact our green fuel and low-carbon renewable gas specialist directly

You can contact us is you have a question about green fuel and low-carbon renewable gas when it suits you. See our specialist’s contact information below.

Hans-Peter Visser - ASaP - Address and contact persons

🔧

📨

📞

🔗

Let our green fuel and low-carbon renewable gas specialist contact you

Let us know how we can reach you to discuss green fuel and low-carbon renewable gas. We will only use this information for contacting you.

green fuel and low-carbon renewable gas practical solutions

With green fuel and low-carbon renewable gas ASaP offers practical total solutions. The well-established and complementary ASaP analytical package of services and products is an important contribution to the right solutions for your analytical needs. Moreover, the team spirit and the cooperation with specific partners give us the opportunity to design, build, locally install and commission tailor made sample probes, analyzer systems and shelters for you. All these products and systems can be built according to the latest industry guidelines and certifications.

ASaP is the reputable provider of analytical solutions; We can provide you with a full-service package for including engineering, manufacturing, software development, offshore service, gas analyzers, system integration, and cutting-edge bio-LNG or LNG Custody Transfer Systems (CTMS), LNG Probe-Vaporizers, advanced LNG Sampling Systems, and precise natural gas analysis systems. You are kindly invited to consult our team about green fuel and low-carbon renewable gas or any analytical challenge!

Other links Related to green fuel and low-carbon renewable gas